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Is Gingival Crevicular Fluid Normal?

Posted on 5/1/2024 by Weo Admin
Gingival refers to the soft tissues that form your gums. These tissues surround the teeth roots and jawbone, providing structural support and ensuring the teeth remain firm and intact. Underneath the gums and between the gum pockets is a biological fluid that has a critical role in maintaining optimal dental health. Dental practitioners call this natural substance gingival crevicular fluid.

What Is Gingival Crevicular Fluid?

Gingival crevicular fluid is a serum that forms and flows between the pockets or crevices of the gum tissue and the connective tissue. It contains enzymes, proteins, immune cells, leukocytes, hormones, and solid substances that help maintain oral health.

It is normal for humans to have gingival crevicular fluid. The serum-like fluid can increase or decrease depending on emerging dental issues. Gingival crevicular fluid usually increases in response to inflammation caused by periodontal disease or any other oral concern. It causes the gums to swell or become tender, indicating the onset of an oral health issue. Conversely, the fluid can decrease if you have certain dental problems or health complications.

Functions of Gingival Crevicular Fluid

Gingival crevicular fluid is critical to oral health. It helps the periodontal tissues to respond to infections and bacterial growth. It also helps dental practitioners diagnose various oral issues. Here are the primary functions of gingival crevicular fluid in your oral cavity:

Oral Immunity

Gingival crevicular fluid is essential in helping your mouth combat infections. It contains immune cells and antibodies that fight bacterial growth and disease-causing organisms.

Optimal Lubrication

Gingival crevicular fluid helps keep your gums and teeth moist, preventing foul breath and a dry mouth. It also helps flush out toxins and waste products from the gum pockets.

Diagnostics for Periodontitis

Periodontists can diagnose gum infections by collecting and testing gingival crevicular fluid from periodontal tissues. This serum-like fluid can also help diagnose health issues and pregnancy complications.

Nutritional Supply

The gingival crevicular fluid contains proteins that help supply nutrients to the gums. Adequate nutrient supply helps maintain dental function and oral health.

Contact Our Practice Today

Increased or decreased gingival crevicular fluid can be a sign of an oral issue. Our dental practitioners can harvest gingival crevicular fluid and use it to diagnose your condition appropriately. Contact us today for questions and to book an appointment with our team.
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