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What Are The Two Most Common Periodontal Surgery?


Posted on 6/19/2023 by Kenneth D. Parrish, DMD, PhD
What Are The Two Most Common Periodontal Surgery?For an advanced periodontal disease that has destroyed the jawbone and other structures, surgery is the best option to treat the condition and prevent future infections. Surgery is preferred when there is severe gum recession, which exposes the roots of the teeth. Also, surgery will help clean and reduce the depths in deep periodontal pockets. Here are the two most common periodontal surgery most recommended:

Gum Graft Surgery


Gum graft surgery is recommended for patients who have severe gum recession. The surgery involves taking tissues from a part of your mouth and grafting them on the parts with gum recession. The primary goal of the surgery is to cover and hide the exposed roots of your teeth and prevent gum recession.

The surgery is done under anesthesia. After the surgery, avoiding eating crunchy foods and maintaining adequate oral hygiene is important. The recovery period tends to vary but usually takes only a few weeks.

Flap Surgery


Flap surgery is commonly referred to as pocket reduction surgery. The goal of the treatment method is to minimize the depth of your periodontal pockets. The surgeon makes incisions on the gums during the procedure and creates a flap. The flap is lifted to expose the underlying teeth's roots. The surgeon cleans the germs and removes plaque, tartar, and damaged tissues. The bone can also be reshaped to offer a better environment for better healing.

Later the flap is repositioned and stitched back into place. After the surgery, you will note the reduction of the periodontal pockets and the stimulation of new tissue growth. The procedure is done under anesthesia; pain medications and antibiotics are recommended after the surgery. Recovery occurs after a few weeks. The method is only recommended if you have advanced periodontal disease. Root planing and scaling, antibiotic use, and laser therapy are the best treatment alternatives for mild forms of the disease.
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